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印度传统医学与印度针灸史
source:世界针联 2019-11-26 [其它] [中医药导报]

Traditional Indian Medicine and History of Acupuncture in India

印度传统医学与印度针灸史

Sheikh Faruque ELAHEE, Huijuan MAO(毛慧娟), Xueyong SHEN(沈雪勇)*

Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Shanghai 201203, China(上海中医药大学针灸推拿学院  上海 20120,中国)

☆Supported by grants from Shanghai Planning of Philosophy and Social Science  :2018ZJX007

*Corresponding Author: 

E-mail: snowysh@hotmail.com(Xueyong Shen)

 

Abstract: Acupuncture, a component of Traditional Chinese Medicine, is well known to have been originated in ancient China and propagated to neighboring countries including India and now throughout the world. India having an ancient civilization had a rich traditional medicine called Ayurveda which consisted of herbal medicine, surgery, yoga and ‘Suchi veda’ treatment. Ayurveda gained popularity throughout the ancient India and was also disseminated into the neighbors. Suchi veda was like a pricking therapy but there is no record of its consistent practice afterwards throughout the Christian era and Middle Ages. There is record of dissemination of Chinese acupuncture in India in the 6th century but its use was not persistent afterwards, till it was re-introduced in the mid-twentieth century, by a Chinese trained Indian physician in 1959. Currently practice of acupuncture is fast developing throughout India, some state governments already officially recognized it and recently the central government of India declared state recognition to acupuncture as an independent system of therapeutics in the health care system of the country.

Key Words: Acupuncture; Traditional Indian Medicine

[摘 要]针灸是中医药的一个组成部分,众所周知,它起源于中国古代,并传播到包括印度在内的周边国家和现在的世界各地。印度有一个古老的文明,有一个丰富的传统医学称为阿育吠陀,其中包括草药,手术,瑜伽和'苏奇吠陀'治疗。阿育吠陀在古代印度广受欢迎,并传播到邻国。苏奇吠陀就像是一种针刺疗法,但没有记录表明它在整个基督教时代和中世纪的一贯做法。中国针灸在6世纪在印度有传播的记录,但此后一直没有持续使用,直到20世纪中叶由一位受过中国训练的印度医生于1959年重新引进。目前,针灸疗法在印度各地发展迅速,一些邦政府已经正式承认针灸疗法,最近印度中央政府宣布邦政府承认针灸疗法是印度卫生保健系统中的一个独立的治疗系统。

[关键词]针灸;印度传统医学

 

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